Suicide is a serious public health issue in Nepal, with rates of suicide increasing in recent years. There are several reasons why suicide rates are high in Nepal, including:
Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world, and poverty is a major contributor to suicide. People living in poverty may feel hopeless and helpless, leading to thoughts of suicide.
Lack of mental health services
Nepal has a shortage of mental health professionals and a lack of access to mental health services. This makes it difficult for people with mental health problems to get the help they need, leading to a higher risk of suicide.
Nepal is a rural country rapidly transforming into urbanization, and many people live in isolated communities. This can lead to feelings of isolation and loneliness, which are risk factors for suicide.
In Nepal, there are traditional beliefs that suicide is honorable in certain situations, such as when a person is facing dishonor or shame. These beliefs can contribute to a higher rate of suicide.
Political instability, which is a trademark issue in Nepal and the ongoing conflict and uncertainty is a factor that can lead to high level of stress and mental health problems, which in turn can increase suicide risk.
Substance abuse is a significant problem in Nepal, with a high rate of alcohol and drug addiction. This can increase the risk of suicide, as it is often associated with depression, anxiety, and other mental health problems.
Stigma around mental health
There is a significant stigma attached to mental health issues in Nepal, and many people are unwilling to seek help or talk about their problems. This can lead to a lack of understanding and support for those at risk of suicide, exacerbating the problem.
It is important for Nepal to address these issues and improve access to mental health services, education, and support for those at risk of suicide. Also, creating awareness on mental health, promoting mental well-being, and breaking the stigmas around mental health issues can also help in reducing suicide rates in Nepal.